Geotechnical Instrumentation

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Geotechnical Instrumentation

Consult with Ground Instrumentation Experts focused on measurements of data for conditions and compliance with jurisdictional rules

We provide consulting and engineering support regarding a vast spectrum of instrumentation, associated monitoring, and jurisdictional compliance. Please reach out to us at any time to assist with data and information development strategies, compliance requirements, or to help solve additional issues. The goal is to produce results that do not create unnecessary concerns, lead to violations, or shut down projects. Given that we understand the science behind the instrumentation, we can control the collection of data and the design of the systems, both onsite and remotely. We want to get to the issues at hand before they become a problem. Our main objective is safety while providing means to rapidly track and adapt to a wide variety of changing conditions.

Soil Monitoring Types

Vibration monitoring provides analysis and measurements of vibration levels on the ground. This can be performed in anticipation of building developments to register background levels of vibrations, for the analysis and measurement of ground-borne vibration levels, and during the construction itself in cases when there is a need for constant monitoring.

When performing noise monitoring, it is done with the purpose of surveying potential hazards or distortion effects that may come of noise. These surveys are done either covering an entire sector or in different subsectors that would help identify troubled noise areas.

Crack monitoring is a type of soil monitoring performed to determine how much is changed in the properties of cracks in rocky materials with shifts and variations in temperature, making a time-based analysis useful to determine any potential relations between the changes in cracks and construction activities, natural occurrences, mining, or any other type of activity.

A manometer is used to measure pressure levels in different elevations within the same structure and thus determine any problems with foundations and soils that may be presenting themselves, including potential landslides or soil creep occurrences.


A manometer floor survey is also used when performing a geoforensic evaluation for structural damages and shifts.

Development and changes in water use can be an influence on the type of measurement necessary for groundwater level testing, which seeks to determine groundwater flow directions and the elevation grade of groundwater.


Accurate measurements of underground water levels and salinity allow for efficient control of developments and serve a wide variety of purposes.

For surface and ground water monitoring to be as accurate as it can be, it must also include water quality measurements that give a clearer view of the makeup, composition and future changes in the chemical properties of water. This is very relevant to water protection and quality conservation, since it provides critical site-specific data that can determine not only the current state and properties of water basins but also their points sources of pollution and disruptions.

Water chemistry is an important step in understanding the possible contamination properties of water for whatever purposes it has been planned. These measurements are used in the inspection of wells, watersheds, rivers, or other sources of water when an understanding is sought. Geochemical and thermodynamic models are followed to determine the exact properties of water and obtain accurate measurements.

Measuring slabs, whether they are concrete or some other form or material is important for the investigation of building foundations and the successful continuation of construction and development works. Testing the levels of moisture in concrete foundations can help determine if there is a problem with such foundations, and with such a measurement in place, predictive models can be drawn up to provide solutions.

Humidity monitoring is an important step in soil monitoring with several applications, such as the monitoring moisture levels after water damage or flooding, the drying regime of buildings after water damage has occurred, the concrete specifications needed for the completion of buildings, and the design of preventive measures that would avoid humidity becoming a future problem.

Soil Monitoring Instruments

Time-domain reflectometry, also known as TDR, is used in geological engineering to measure water contents and concentrations of inorganic solutions in both frozen and liquid water, as well as water levels, soil, and rock displacement, and frost depth.

A slope inclinometer is used to measure horizontal movements at the underground level from different points along its extension. They play a vital role in collecting geotechnical data in construction efforts. They are able to measure movements in the soil for lateral inclinations in shallow and deep places.

Manometers measure pressure in different aspects and settings, and they are widely used to determine soil movements and soil pressure conditions, as well as any groundwater elements that may be interacting with such soil.

Well data logging consists of recording the geological properties of a borehole. Well data logging can take many forms and it is usually done for resource extraction and inspection purposes, environmental diagnostics, and geotechnical purposes. Depending on the purpose, we can find the best method for collecting data on a well and go through the results in an in-depth analysis of the data log.

Crack measurements are commonplace when performing geotechnical inspections of structures. These measurements can vary depending on the width of the cracks and the necessary volume of information needed about them. These measurements help provide the cause of such cracks in structures and thus allow for steps to be taken if repairs or other form of risk management action is to be taken.

Humidity measurements in geotechnical sciences relate to the water or moisture content found in soils. These measurements determine the physical properties of soils and other materials when they interact with water.

  • Vibration and Sound Monitoring
    (Both On-Site and Remote)
  • TDR: Time-Domain Reflectometry
    (Both On-Site and Remote)
  • Ultra Sound, X-Ray and Other Imagining Techniques
  • GPR: Ground Penetrating Radar
  • FLIR: Forward Looking Infrared
  • Trenching and Tunneling
  • Electromagnetics and Resistivity
  • Slope Inclinometer
  • Tilt Meters
  • Crack Monitors
  • Manometer Measurements and Analysis
  • Piezometer Installation and WaterLevel Monitoring
  • Water Well Logging Equipment
  • Pump and Slug Tests
  • Chemical and Physical Water Quality Analysis, in-field and laboratory
  • Weather and Climate Measurements
  • Tracer Tests in Pipes, Groundwater, and Surface Water
  • Pipe, Channel, Stream, and Pump Flow Rate Determination
  • Humidity and Moisture/ VaporTransmission Rates
  • Soil Vapor Determination
  • Soil Moisture Determination
  • Extensometer (Stress / Strain)
  • Organic Vapor Analyzer
  • PID: Photo Ionization Detector
  • Specific Chemical Monitoring
  • Vegetation and Habitat Surveys
  • Wetland and Jurisdictional Delineation
  • Evapotranspiration Measurements
  • Demolition and Construction
  • Pile Driving
  • Caisson Excavations
  • Shoring Installation
  • Pavement Design and Evaluation
  • Trenching and Tunneling
  • Soil Corrosion Mitigation
  • Geologic Hazard Assessment
  • Seismicity and Seismic Hazard Assessment
  • Hazmat and Oil Field Services
  • Borehole Logging
  • Geological, Geomorphological, Sedimentological, and Structural Research, Analysis, and Reporting Services
  • Drainage Design and Implementation
  • Dewatering Design and Implementation
  • Groundwater Management Analysis, Design, and Support
  • Storm water Management and Mitigation
  • Storm water Management and Mitigation
  • Well Field Design and Support
  • Well Installation Design and Support
  • Water Well Logging
  • Chemical Transport and Fate Analysis
  • Recharge Basin Performance
  • Resource Conservation
  • Mining Reclamation Plans
  • Needs Assessment for Biological and Cultural Concerns
  • Archaeological Services
  • Biological Services
  • Paleontological Services
  • Regulatory Services for Biological and Cultural Concerns
  • Mitigation Monitoring and Compliance Reporting
  • Revegetation and CEQA5-Year Reporting
  • Map and Figure Creation
  • Expert Witness and RelatedLegal Services